Cover Image

Distribution of some heavy and essential metals Cd, Pb, Cu, Fe and Zn in Mango fruit (Mangifera Indica L.) cultivated in Different Regions of Pakistan

NUSRAT jalbani, Mustafa Tuzen, Funda Aydin, Shahid Bhutto



In the present study, the concentrations of Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn and Fe from 50 mango samples (Mangifera indica L.) were detected by electro-thermal/flame atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS/FAAS). In this study three varieties such as Dusahri, Langra and Chaunsa were collected from different regions (Multan, Sadiqabad, Rahimyar Khan and Mirpurkhas) of Pakistan.  The effect of different varieties and environmental conditions on metal accumulation was also investigated. The aim of this study is to compare the level of essential and toxic metal in different regions and correlate the differences observed in metal accumulation to environmental conditions. The accuracy of the conventional acid digestion (CAD) method was checked by analyzing Certified Reference Materials (CRM) i.e. fortified water (TMDA-70), apple leaves (1515) and standard addition technique. The limit of detections (LODs) of the method were found to be 0.113, 2.0, 22.7, 3.85 and 3.05 µg L-1 for Pb, Cd, Cu, Fe, and Zn, respectively.

Full Text:



- S. Akhtar, N. Safina, M.T. Sultan, S. Mahmood, M. Nasir and A. Ahmad, Pak. J. Bot. 2010, 42(4), 2691-2702.

- M. B. Usman, Fatima, M. M. Khan and M. I. Chaudhry, Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 2003, 40 (3-4).

- F. A. Jam, S. Mehmood and Z. Ahmad. Academy of Contemporary Research Journal V II (I), 10-15, ISSN: 2305-865X, 2013.

- O. Mumzuroglu, F. Karatas and H. Geekil, Food Chem. 2003, 83, 205-212.

- S.G. Ozcan, N. Satiroglu and M. Soylak, J Food Chem. Toxicol. 2010, 48, 2401-2406.

- M. Tuzen, E. Sesli and M. Soylak, Food Cont. 2007a, 18, 806-810.

- M. Tuzen, S. Silici, D. Mendil and M. Soylak, Food Chem, 2007b. 103, 325-330.

- S. Singh, M. Zacharias, S. Kalpana and S. Mishra. J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol. 2012, 4(10), 170-177.

- A. Duran, M. Tuzen and M. Soylak, Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 2008, 59, 581-589.

- M. Tuzen, M. Soylak, D. Citak, H.S. Ferreira, M.G.A. Korn and M.A. Bezerra, J. Hazard. Mater. 2009, 162, 1041-1045.

- I. Narin, M. Soylak, K. Kayakirilmaz, L. Elci, and M. Dogan, Anal. Lett. 2003, 36, 641-658.

- J.E.V. Nunez, N.M.B.A. Sobrinho and N. Mazur, Ci. Rural. 2006, 36, 113-119.

- Z. Parveen, M.I. Khuhro and N. Rafiq, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2003, 71, 1260-1264.

- S. Baytak and A.R. Turker, Talanta, 2005, 65, 938–945.

- P.C. Aleixo, D.S. Junior, A.C. Tomazelli, I.A. Rufini, H. Berndt and F. J. Krug, Anal. Chim. Acta. 2004, 512, 329-337.

- M.K. Jamali, T.G. Kazi, M.B. Arain, H.I. Afridi, N. Jalbani and G.A. Kandhro, J. Hazard. Mater. 2008, 158, 644-651.

- N. Jalbani, F. Ahmed, T.G. Kazi, U. Rashid, A.B. Munshi and A. Kandhro. Food Chem. Toxicol. 2010, 48, 2737-2740.

- D. Petit, F. Claeys, C. Sykes and Y. Noefnet, J. Physique. IV France, 2003, 107 (1053), 1053 - 1056.

- M.A.M. Sajib, S Jahan, MZ Islam, TA Khan and B.K. Saha, Int. Food Res. J. 2014, 21(2), 609-615.

- X. Bi ,L. Ren, M. Gong, Y. He, L. Wang, Z. Ma. The Global J. Soil Sci. 2010, 155 (1-2), 115-120.

- A.0. Igwegbe, H.M. Belhaj, T.M. Hassan and A.S. Gibali, J. Food Saf. 1992. 13, 7-18.

- N. Jalbani, T.G. Kazi, N. Kazi, M.K. Jamali and M.B. Arain, Biol.Trace Elem. Res. 2008, 1-12.

- S. I. Khan, A.K. M. Ahmed, M. Yunus, M. Rahman, S. K. Hore, M. Vahter and M.A. Wahed. J. Health Popul. Nutr. 2010, 28(6), 578-584.

- M. Yaman, Anal. Biochem. 2005. 339 (1), 1-8.

- M. Tuzen and M. Soylak, J. Hazard. Mater. 2009, 164(1), 1428-132.

- Tu. Zhifeng, He. Qun, X. Chang, Hu. Zheng, Ru. Gao, L. Zhang and Li. Zhenhua, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2009, 649 (2), 252-257.

- A. Waheed, M. Jaffar and K. Masud, Nutr. food Sci. 2003, 33, 6.

- E. Zahir, I.I. Naqvi and S. Mohi Uddin, J. Basic Appl. Sci. 2009, 5 (2), 47-52.

- WHO. Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: 46th Report of the joint FAO/ WHO expert committee on food additives, WHO. Technical report series No. 1997, 868, pp i-viii.).

- G. Herrick and T. Friedland, Water Air. Soil Poll. 1990, 53, 151-157.

- FAO/WHO, Toxicological evaluationof certainfoodadditives and contaminants. Forty- first report of the, Joint FAO/WHOExpert CommitteeonFoodAdditives (WHO Technical Report Series, No. 837, WHO, Geneva, 1993.

Commission Regulation (EC) No 629/2008. Amending Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs, 2008.

A. S. M. Hassan, T. A. Abd-El-Rahman, A. S. Marzouk. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. Eng. 2014, 4(3), 66-72.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry