Cover Image

Adsorption of cationic dye onto Moroccan natural rock

Amira AM, Fatima Ouzidan, Tarik Ainane, Mohamed Talbi, M'hammed El Kouali


This paper evaluates the ability of a natural rock found in Morocco to remove the pollutant properties of methylene blue (MB) dye. In this regard, the experiments were conceived to test the hypothesis that the rock native of the country’s region of Khenifra can be used as a new abundant adsorbent to remove cationic dyes from water through the adsorption technique in order to avoid extra cost and contribute to the valorization of this material. For this, several factors such as pH of the solution, granulometry, mass of adsorbent, initial dye concentration and stirring rate were tested. The adsorption kinetics process was tested through three models, namely, the pseudo-first-order model, pseudo-second-order model and the intraparticle diffusion model, to predict which type of adsorption is best suited in the removal of dye pollution. The batch study proves that only the granulometry (G ≤ 63µm = 91%, G ≤ 80µm = 88.4% and G ≤ 100µm=70.7%) and the adsorbent mass (the more the mass of the adsorbent increases the more the elimination is achieved) can influence the elimination rate of our rock. Meanwhile, the data of the adsorption kinetics test show that the experimental adsorption could be described by the mechanism of the pseudo-second-order model (correlation coefficients near the unit ‘R 2 = 0.99’ ), confirming chemical sorption as a rate-limiting step of the intraparticle diffusion mechanism. According to the results of this study, the rock collected from the area of Khenifra can be used as a new and efficient adsorbent in the field of wastewater treatment.

Full Text:



- F. Ouzidan, M. El Kouali, M. Talbi, R. Atmani, Adsorption of Methylene Blue onto Artichoke Waste, Oriental Journal of Chemistry, 2015, 31, 2037-2041.

- F. Falil, F. Allam, B. Gourich, Ch. Vial, F. Audonnet, Adsorption of Astrazon Orange G onto natural Moroccan phosphate rock: A mechanistic study, Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2016, 4, 2556-2564.

- A. Mittal, J. Mittal, A. Malviya, V.K. Gupta, Removal and recovery of Chrysoidine Y from aqueous solutions by waste materials, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2010, 344 (2), 497-507.

- Vinod Kumar Gupta, Arunima Nayak, Shilpi Agarwal, Bioadsorbents for remediation of heavy metals: Current status and their future prospects, Environmental Engineering Research, 2015, 20(1), 1-18.

- V. K. Gupta, T. A. Saleh, Sorption of pollutants by porous carbon, carbon nanotubes and fullerene- An overview, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2013, 20(5), 2828-2843.

- J. De Zuane, Handbook of Drinking Water Quality Standards and Controls, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990, pp. 64-69.

- N. Mohammadi, H. Khani, V. K. Gupta, E. Amereh, S. Agarwal, Adsorption process of methyl orange dye onto mesoporous carbon material-kinetic and thermodynamic studies, Journal of colloid and interface science, 2011, 362(2), 457-462.

- J. Ma, F. Yu, L. Zhou, L. Jin, M. Yang, J. Luan, Y. Tang, H. Fan, Z. Yuan, J. Chen, Enhanced Adsorptive Removal of Methyl Orange and Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Alkali-Activated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2012, 4, 574965760.

- V. K. Gupta, I. Ali, T. A. Saleh, M. N. Siddiqui, S. Agarwal, Chromium removal from water by activated carbon developed from waste rubber tires, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2013, 20(3), 1261-1268.

- R. Saravanan, M. Mansoob Khan, V.K. Gupta, E. Mosquera, F. Gracia, V. Narayanan, A. Stephen, ZnO/Ag/CdO Nanocomposite for Visible Light-Induced Photocatalytic Degradation of Industrial Textile Effluents, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2015, 452, 126-133.

- V.K. Gupta, A. Mittal, A. Malviya, J. Mittal, Adsorption of carmoisine A from wastewater using waste materials-Bottom ash and deoiled soya, Colloid and Interface Science, 2009, 335, 24−33.

- M. Ahmaruzzaman, V. K. Gupta, Rice Husk and Its Ash as Low-Cost Adsorbents in Water and Wastewater Treatment, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2011, 50(24), 13589-13613.

- M. Ghaedi, S. Hajjati, Z. Mahmudi, I. Tyagi , Shilpi Agarwal, A. Maity , V.K. Gupta, Modeling of competitive ultrasonic-assisted removal of the dyes - Methylene blue and Safranin-O using Fe3O4 nanoparticles, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2015, 268, 28-37.

- V. K. Gupta, Suhas, I. Tyagi, S. Agarwal, R. Singh, M. Chaudhary, A. Harit, S. Kushwaha, Column operation studies for the removal of dyes and phenols using a low-cost adsorbent, Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 2016, 2(1), 1-10.

- S. S. Salih, T. K.Ghosh, Adsorption of Zn(II) ions by chitosan coated diatomaceous earth. International journal of biological macromolecules, 2018, 106, 602-610.

- B. H. Hameed, A.A. Ahmad, Batch adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by garlic peel, agricultural waste biomass, Hazardous Materials, 2009, 164, 870-875.

- S. S. Salih, T. K.Ghosh, Preparation and characterization of bioadsorbent beads for chromium and zinc ions adsorption. Cogent Environmental Science, 2017, 3, n: 1, 1401577.

- V. K. Gupta, A. Nayak, S. Agarwal, I. Tyagi, Potential of activated carbon from Waste Rubber Tire for the adsorption of phenolics: Effect of pre-treatment conditions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2013, 417, 420-430.

- V. K. Gupta, C.K. Jainb, I. Alib, S. Chandraa , S. Agarwal, Removal of lindane and malathion from wastewater using bagasse fly ash-a sugar industry waste, Water Research, 2002, 36, 2483-2490.

- R. Saravanan, S. Karthikeyan, V.K. Gupta,

G. Sekaran, V. Narayanan, A. Stephen, Enhanced photocatalytic activity of ZnO/CuO nanocomposite for the degradation of textile dye on visible light illumination, Materials Science and Engineering:C, 2013, 33, 91-98.

- N. Thinakaran, P. Baskaralingam, M. Pulikesi,

P. Panneerselvam, S. Sivanesan, Removal of Acid Violet 17 from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from sunflower seed hull, Hazardous Materials, 2008, 151, 316-322.

- F. Moughaoui, A. Ouaket, A. Laaraibi, S. Hamdouch, Z. Anbaoui, A. Abourriche,

M. Berrada, A novel approach for producing low cost and highly efficient activated carbon for removing cationic dyes, Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry, 2019, 8(2), 74-83.

- T. A. Khan, M. Nazir, I. Ali, A. Kumar, Removal of Chromium(VI) from aqueous solution using guar gum-nano zinc oxide biocomposite adsorbent, Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 2013, 10, S2388-S2398.

- T. Ngulub, J.R. Gumbo, V. Masindi, A. Maity, Calcined magnesite as an adsorbent for cationic and anionic dyes: characterization, adsorption parameters, isotherms and kinetics study, Heliyon, 2018, 4, e00838.

- K. Vasanth Kumar, V. Ramamurthi, S.Sivanesan, Modeling the mechanism involved during the sorption of methylene blue onto fly ash, Colloid and Interface Science, 2005, 284, 14-21.

- H. Tahir, M. Sultan, N. Akhtar, U. Hameed,

T. Abid, Saudi Chemical Society, 2012, 20, S115-S121.

- B. Volesky, Biosorption and me, Water Research, 2007, 41, 4017-4029.

- P. K. Malik, Use of activated carbons prepared from sawdust and rice-husk for adsorption of acid dyes: a case study of Acid Yellow 36, Dyes and Pigments, 2003, 56, 239-249.

- G. Spagnoli, D. Rubinos, H. Stanjek, T. Fernandez-Steeger, M. Feinendegen, R. Azzam, Undrained shear strength of clays as modified by pH variations, Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 2012, 71, 135-148.

- N. Fayoud, S. Alami Younssi, S. Tahir,

A. Albizane, Etude cinétique et thermodynamique de l’adsorption de bleu de methylene sur les cendres de bois, Materials and Enviromental Science, 2015, 6, 3295-3306.

- H. Es-sahbany, S. Nkhili, M. Berradi, H. Nassali, N. Aziane, M. Befaquir, M.S. Elyoubi, Performance of adsorption of heavy metals contained in model wastewater solutions by two types of Moroccan clay: type of copper, Applied Journal of Environmental Engineering Science, 2017, 3, 1-6.

- Y. S. Ho, G. McKay, Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat, Chemical Enginee, 1989, 70, 115-124.

- H.N. Tran, S.J. You, A. Hosseini-Bandegharaei, H.P. Chao, Mistakes and inconsistencies regarding adsorption of contaminants from aqueous solutions: A critical review, Water Research, 2017, 120, 88-116.

- S. J. Allen, G. Mckay, K.Y.H. Khander, Equilibrium adsorption isotherms for basic dyes onto lignite, Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 1989, 45, 291-302.

- C. C. Tavis, E.L. Etnier, A survey of sorption relationships for reactive solutes, Journal of Environmental Quality, 1981, 10, 8-17.

- T. Chouchane, S. Chouchane, A. Boukari,

A. Balaska, M.H. Samar, Elimination du plomb en solution par la sciure de bois, Revue des Energies Renouvelables, 2011, 14, 613-626.

- W. J. Weber, J.C.J. Morris, Kinetics of Adsorption on Carbon from Solution, the Sanitary Engineering Division, 1963, 89, 31-60.

- S. M. de Oliveira Britoa, H.M.C. Andrade, L.F. Soares, R.P. de Azevedo, Brazil nut shells as a new biosorbent to remove methylene blue and indigo carmine from aqueous solutions, Hazardous Materials, 2009, 174, 84-92.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry