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Catalog of Medicinal Plants of the Argan Grove of the Beni-Snassen Range in Eastern Morocco

Rabea Ziri, Najiba Brhadda, Said Laaribya, Asmaa Alaoui, Adam Adey Souleymane, Najib Gmira


The argan tree is part of the red list including 36 taxa considered as vulnerable in the catalog of rare, endangered or endemic vascular plants of Morocco [1]. As such, its conservation constitutes a real challenge. Intimately linked to the sub-Mediterranean vegetation layer, the argan tree organizes populations of capital importance for south-west as well as eastern Morocco, despite their great degree of openness.

The present work focused on the study of the floristic series of this formation by insisting on the medicinal plants of the argan grove of West Beni-Snassen. In this project, the flora of the Béni- Snassèn argan grove has been approached in several of its aspects (phytosociology, biodiversity, bioclimatology) [2,3], with special focus on the possible candidates for medicinal purposes. Thus, several surveys of the vegetation and the environment were carried out and led to the census of 60 species. This low number can be explained first, by the degree of dispersion of these tree populations, but also by the harshness of the ecological conditions. Several medicinal species have been recorded within these groves including Argania spinosa, Ajuga iva, Peganum harmala. A botanical and ecological description of each taxon has also been carried out, in addition to its therapeutic properties while focusing on the bioactive molecules that it contains.

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