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Synthesis of new bimetallic phosphate (Al/Ag3PO4) and study for its Catalytic performance in the synthesis of 1,2-dihydro-l-phenyl-3H-naphth [1,2-e]-[1,3] oxazin-3-one derivatives

Achraf El Hallaoui, Tourya Ghailane, Soukaina Chehab, Youssef Merroun, Rachida Ghailane, Said Boukhris, Taoufiq Guedira, Abdelaziz Souizi


This work aims to prepare a new bimetallic phosphate catalyst using a new simple and effective method. This new catalyst was ready for the first time by a modification of Triple Super Phosphate (TSP) fertilizer with silver sulfate (AgSO4), followed by the impregnation of the aluminum atoms using aluminum nitrate (Al(NO3)3). The use of Al/Ag3PO4, for the first time as a heterogeneous catalyst in organic chemistry, offers a new, efficient, and green pathway for synthesizing 1,2-dihydro-l-phenyl-3H-naphth[1,2-e]-[1,3]oxazin-3-one derivatives by one-pot three-component cyclocondensation of b-naphthol, aryl aldehyde, and urea. The structure and the morphology of the prepared catalyst were characterized by spectroscopic methods such as X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and dispersive X-ray spectrometry coupled with a scanning electron microscope (EDX-SEM). In addition, the optimization of the reaction parameters was carried out considering the effect of catalyst amount, the temperature, and the solvent. The procedure described herein allowed a comfortable preparation of oxazine derivatives with excellent yields, short reaction times, and in the absence of organic solvent.

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