Graphical Abstract

Removal of sodium salicylate from aqueous solution using spruce wood sawdust as an eco-friendly adsorbent

Nouh Aarab, Abdelilah Essekri, Mohamed Ait Haki, Hassan Kabli, Habiba Eljazouli, Maria Elamine, Rajae Lakhmiri, Abdallah Albourine


This study reports the application of Spruce wood sawdust as a low-cost and eco-friendly adsorbent for the removal of sodium salicylate from aqueous solutions. The effects of physicochemical parameters on the sodium salicylate adsorption process such as initial pH, temperature, solid/liquid ratio, initial concentration, contact time, and ionic strength were investigated. The optimum adsorption conditions were found as: equilibrium time = 3h, adsorbent dosage = 0.5 g/L, pH= 6.5, initial sodium salicylate concentration = 10 mg/L and temperature = 25°C. The kinetic study shows that the pseudo-second-order model is suitable to describe the adsorption process. The adsorption isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and generalized) were tested to understand the adsorption mechanism of sodium salicylate onto wood sawdust surface. The adsorption of sodium salicylate follows the Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum monolayer uptake capacity was found to be 99.01 mg/g. In addition, the temperature seems to have no noticeable effect on the adsorption of sodium salicylate. Finally, the thermodynamic parameters indicate that the adsorption is spontaneous (ΔG°˂ 0) and exothermic (ΔH°=-5.081 kJ/mol) in nature. Overall, Spruce wood sawdust can be used as a cost-effective and eco-friendly adsorbent for wastewater treatment applications.

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